Jharkhand state is predominantly inhabited by schedule tribes, schedule castes, backwards and people belonging to minority class. In Jharkhand the large population are marginalized and excluded from all sorts of facilities, out of which women are the more vulnerable to acts of violence in the family as well as in the community. On the other hand domestic violence, cruelty, child marriage, witchcraft, dowry practice, child abuse, trafficking, distress migration, incest and battering are some of the most common forms of violence that most of the women of Jharkhand faces within the family and community. The community meets out rape, sexual harassment, eve teasing, trafficking and sexual discrimination to the women. The incidences of domestic violence in private spaces with women and girls are very high which are not reported in the area.
For CSS , Violence against women and girls and gender equality are the major concerns. MISSI, the female wing of CSS is engaged in creating awareness, fact finding, counseling, rehabilitation, linkage with legal system, women cooperatives, regular follow up and social, emotional, financial monitoring of women in violence situation since its inception. MISSI has been handling cases of women and girls who have faced violence in their lives. Being focused on women and girls their empowerment and making them capable about their rights and responsibilities, CSS has been associated with JUMAV MANCH .
CSS is currently implementing the following projects to address the issues of violence against women and girls and gender equality :-
This project whose goal is "Promoting social and economic inclusion of Women from Tribal and backward section of the society through protection of rights, convergence with livelihood opportunities and empowerment of women’s collectives" is supported by AHB (Andheri-Hilfe Bonn).
Specific Objectives: Combating incidences of domestic violence, child marriage, trafficking and witch atrocities through empowerment of Women’s Collective.
Core Issues : Combating Gender discrimination, Women Empowerment, Combating VAWG(Violence against women and girls),Trafficking, child labour, witch atrocities, child marriage, domestic violence.
Target groups : Women and girls, PRIs, VLCPC, BLCPC
Area : 30 villages of Bero & Itki Block of Ranchi District
Core activities are related with reduction of domestic violence, child marriage, trafficking, unsafe migration and witch craft through empowerment of Women and also combating all types of negative forces which act as a barrier in women empowerment. This project is aimed at bringing a change in the mindset of people towards Gender Inequality. Rehabilitating the victims and survivors against any form of violence is also a major part of the programme. Other Major activities of the programme includes Capacity Building of staffs, volunteers, change makers, Federation members, PRI representatives, Awareness creation, strengthening village protection committees, entitlement realization, needs based support, linkage and networking, etc.
This project is supported by Oxfam and is functional in Bharno (10 villages) and Sisai(10 villages) in Gumla District of Jharkhand.
The goal of this project is to :-
Bring attitudinal change
Change negative norms to positive norms
Activities under this include formation of separate groups for boys, girls, men and women, through School/College events and village meetings. Regular interaction with these groups are done to identify existing gender practices, cultural tradition, barriers, evaluate their knowledge of existing support system, various govt. schemes and also to identify the trends of violence.
For this, report card is prepared for all the groups. They are also motivated to take initiative and are trained on leadership skills as well.
During college sessions, meeting of adolescent groups with youth, village level groups meetings of boys and girls, they are explained and sensitized on their role(boys and girls) towards establishing positive norms in the society.